Why Do My Nails Split Horizontally?

Onychoschizia, commonly known as nail splitting but also known as onychoschisis or lamellar dystrophy, is a condition that causes horizontal splits within the nail plate.

Injury (trauma) may also play a role in the development of brittle nails.

How do I stop my nails from splitting horizontally?

Consider these simple tips:

  • Keep your fingernails dry. Repeated or prolonged contact with water can contribute to split fingernails.
  • Practice good nail hygiene. Keep your fingernails neatly trimmed, and round the tips in a gentle curve.
  • Avoid harsh nail care products.
  • Apply a protective layer.

Why do my nails split vertically?

Trauma or injury may cause a split nail. There are many common causes of nail splitting, the medical term for which is onychoschizia. A split can occur across the nail, or it could split the nail vertically. Fingers and fingernails are easy to injure.

What causes toenails to split horizontally?

A split nail is usually caused by physical stress, nutrient deficiency, or wear and tear. Split nails can be a problem, especially if you work with your hands. Although split nails are completely normal and sometimes unavoidable, there are ways you can prevent split nails in the future.

How do you treat a split toenail?

How is it treated?

  1. File any sharp edges smooth, or trim the nail.
  2. Trim off the detached part of a large tear, or leave the nail alone.
  3. Use scissors to remove the detached part of the nail if the nail is partly attached.
  4. Soak your finger or toe in cold water for 20 minutes after trimming the nail.

What Vitamin Are you lacking when your nails split?

– A deficiency in B-complex vitamins, especially biotin, will produce ridges along the nail bed. – A diet lacking in calcium contributes to dry, brittle nails. – A lack of folic acid and vitamin C can lead to hangnails. – Insufficient dietary essential oils, like omega-3, cause cracking.

How do I stop my nails from splitting vertically?

Keep the nails trimmed short to reduce worsening of nail splitting. Soak the nails in water daily, 15 minutes at a time, to increase the water content (hydration) of the nails. Apply moisturizers (emollients), such as petroleum jelly or Cetaphil®, to improve nail hydration.

How do you fix splitting nails?

Part 2 Repairing Your Split Nail

  • Apply a clear base coat. Paint a thin layer of a clear nail polish as a base coat.
  • Place the teabag on your nail.
  • Wait for the polish to dry.
  • Apply another layer of clear nail polish.
  • Remove the excess teabag.
  • Apply another clear coat of polish.
  • Paint your nails normally.

What vitamin deficiency causes vertical lines in fingernails?

Iron deficiency anemia can also trigger vertical ridges and changes to your nails that make them concave, or spoon-shaped.

How do you treat split nails?

If you want to strengthen your nails, there are several easy and inexpensive options:

  1. Moisturize. Try a dedicated nail oil or a hand lotion with alpha hydroxy acid or lanolin.
  2. Limit manicures.
  3. Avoid alcohol-based sanitizers.
  4. Get a paraffin wax bath.
  5. Wear gloves.

Why does my toenail keep splitting down the middle?

If you suffer from this embarrassing condition, you’re not alone. Cracked toenails can be the result of a number of factors. Medical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, fungal infections, psoriasis, poor circulation, medication side effects and thyroid issues are also known to cause toenails to peel, bend and crack.

Why do my toenails keep splitting?

Only very rarely are internal disease or vitamin deficiencies the reason (iron deficiency is the most common). One tip is that if the fingernails split, but the toenails are strong, then an external factor is the cause. The usual cause is repeated wetting and drying of the fingernails. This makes them dry and brittle.

What does toenail fungus look like?

Nail fungus is a common condition that begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your fingernail or toenail. As the fungal infection goes deeper, nail fungus may cause your nail to discolor, thicken and crumble at the edge. It can affect several nails.

What causes a split toenail?

Only very rarely are internal disease or vitamin deficiencies the reason (iron deficiency is the most common). One tip is that if the fingernails split, but the toenails are strong, then an external factor is the cause. The usual cause is repeated wetting and drying of the fingernails. This makes them dry and brittle.

Will a split toenail grow back together?

After a nail separates from the nail bed for whatever reason, it will not reattach. A new nail will have to grow back in its place. Nails grow back slowly. It takes about 6 months for a fingernail and up to 18 months for a toenail to grow back.

Will a cracked toenail heal itself?

If you broke a bone in your finger or toe along with the nail injury, it will take about 4 weeks to heal.